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Week 3 Assignment: Balance of Power between Federal Government and Individual States

From the onset, it would be prudent to note that to a large extent, the United States happens to be a federal republic at least from the constitutional perspective. This is to say that the country is governed via a balance of power mechanism between the governments of individual states, and the national government. According to the Bill of Rights Institute (2021), in this particular scenario, the states have their laws, but they are also subject to the laws of the federal government. How did the federal republic come about? As the Bill of Rights Institute (2021) points out, the Founders were well aware of the fact that absolute government power could be abused. In that regard, in their writing of the constitution, they sought to ensure that even in seeking to ensure that the government was strong and stable,…

This, according to the institute, was achieved via the establishment of a federal republic. Further, there was also need to ensure that the needs of diverse populations were secured. This was particularly important owing to the fact that the region had evolved from colonies that were largely separate. As a consequence, the US now has the state and national levels of government.

The federal government responsibilities towards states as well as state responsibilities to each other has been captured under Article IV of the countrys supreme law, i.e. the constitution (Krutz, 2018). For instance, with regard to state responsibilities to each other, Krutz (2018) points out that Section 2 of the said article is clear that newcomers in any state ought to be treated in the same manner as citizens of the state in question in line with the privileges and immunities entitlement (Krutz, 2018). This has in the past been affirmed by a Supreme Court ruling (Gerston, 2015). Further, it would also be prudent to note that as…

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