INTRODUCTION.
This paper emphasises the value of mitigation as a crucial component of the country’s climate change policy, but it makes no attempt to assess mitigation technology or compare the efficacy of alternative strategies. The Climate Change Technology Program of the United States Government and numerous federal organisations, including the agriculture department, administration for atmosphere, oceanic department at national level, department of protection agency for environment are currently conducting studies on these issues. More effective energy production and usage, growing reliance on energy sources without carbon emissions as well as carbon capture and storage are just a few of the mitigation measures being investigation.
MAIN OBJECTIVE.
PAPER compiles knowledge about the actual and anticipated climate change’s consequences on the United States from a wide range of scientific analyses and recently released research. Analysis of effects on multiple industries is combined. U.S. Global Change Research Program Key impacts on different regions of the United States are evaluated, along with impacts on national levels of transportation, water, and energy. Sea-level rise, for instance, will make coastal areas more susceptible to floods, storm surge damage, and erosion, particularly in some areas of Alaska and the Southeast. The timing and volume of water supplies will change due to less snowpack and early snowmelt, providing considerable problems for water resource management in the West.
As global warming progresses, impacts are anticipated to worsen for more people and locations. Rapid warming would have a significant negative impact relating to natural ecosystems and the advantages they provide to mankind. Unreversible climate change effects include animal extinctions and coastal land loss brought on by increasing sea levels.
Mitigation solutions are primarily focused on reducing carbon dioxide emissions. Improved energy efficiency, the use of energy sources that produce less or no carbon dioxide, the capture and storage of carbon dioxide from the use of fossil fuels, and other measures are some of these. Climate change implications will be greatly impacted by decisions about reducing emissions both today and during the subsequent decades. Comparisons of the repercussions arising Given the scenarios of greater vs. lower emissions examined in this paper, necessity of mitigation evident. Long-term reductions in emissions will reduce the severity and speed of the effects of climate change. The adaptation problem is more manageable with smaller, more gradual climatic changes.

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