Running Head: MOD 1 CASE STRATEGIC 1
MOD 1 CASE STRATEGIC 2
Mod 1 Case Strategic
Obesity has been an open health problem affecting the public since time immemorial. Per the center for disease control and prevention, by 2019, over 39% of the global population aged 18 years and above were obese and overweight in the body mass index. According to the CDC, people who are obese are known to have a body mass index (BMI) of 30.0 and above. Various studies have shown that the major causes and predisposing factors for aggression can be genetic factors and engineered junk food heavily processed with insufficient nutrients or ingredients (Karacabeyli, Allender, Pinkney, & Amed, 2018). Also, aggressive marketing with enticing adverts attracts young people to highly processed food. Besides that, certain medications such as diabetes medications like antipsychotics increase the risk of developing obesity. Studies have shown that medication such as antipsychotics often causes reduced willpower. World health organizations also argue that leptin resistance is critical in obesity LibGuides at the University of North Florida). Other factors contributing to obesity include availability, sugar, misinformation, and insulin levels in the body.
Regarding the question, this report will focus on identifying public health model that can be used to establish an evidence-based program to address obesity. The paper will also provide reasons for selecting the said public health model, along with describing various components of the model chosen. This report will also offer an extensive explanation of the core competencies the selected [public health professional demonstrated in establishing a program to address obesity-related health issues.
After reviewing the required readings, select a public health model or framework that you think will be most appropriate for planning a program to address the issue of obesity.
Before developing a program to address issues of obesity in the health sector, it is essential to get a better understanding of the obesity stats and its impacts on the affected population. It must be known that obesity is the leading contributor to many other health complications, such as high blood pressure and other cardiovascular health issues. The primary challenge with obesity is that it is not age specific since it affects youths, old adults, and children. Over 25% of American aged over 18 years are obese or overweight. It is also estimated that 1 out of 6 children is obese. Because of the foods and lifestyles children are exposed to at an early age, it has been shown that children are five times more likely to become obese than adults (LibGuides at the University of North Florida, 2020). This statistic indicates that over 12.7 million children are suffering from obesity or being overweight witan the US. This knowledge is vital for healthcare professionals as it will form the basis for establishing an evidence-based public health program that can be deployed to facilitate the formulation of effective strategies to address obesity and its related health issues.
Based on the question, the model that will ideally help to dress obesity is the family action model. This model entails identifying members of families or families affected with obesity so that appropriate family-oriented education programs on obesity treatment and management are formulated to help them learn how to prevent the worsening of health issues better resulting from being obese (LibGuides at the University of North Florida, 2020). It must be known that the family action model is a localized and integrated approach that is used to articulate emotional, practical, and financial support to those people experiencing social challenges and health-related issues.
Provide the rationale for selecting the model of choice and support your statements.
Perhaps many studies have proven the efficacy of the family action model in addressing obesity challenges among community members. The primary reason for selecting the family action model is that this model is family-oriented, and according to existing literature use of this model will be more effective in developing evidence-based a [approaches for preventing obesity among family members. The model is also effective since it actively engages community members in developing programs such as the health kids’ community garden program, which brings together children and their parents to learn more about different types of food to grow and include in their diet to help reduce the challenges of obesity (Raffoul & Hammond, 2018). This program educates family members on the importance of having more fruits and vegetables in their diet as the first step towards reducing cases of obesity. Besides that, the family action model is also practical because it employs branding theory, school promotion programs, and advertisements on various strategies for reducing risk factors of obesity.
Explain the components of the selected model. Also, include the benefits and limitations of the model.
One of the primary components of the family action model is that it provides a platform for the active engagement of community members in addressing obesity risk factors. Another component is that it offers a collaborative avenue where parents, children, youths, and other members of the family are sensitized about better ways of dealing with obesity by changing lifestyles and reduction of taking too much of engineered food staffs with little nutritional value (Raffoul & Hammond, 2018).
Select and explain the core competencies a public health professional demonstrated in this phase of program planning.
The primary competence demonstrated in this program is the skills and practices that are evidence-based and highly acceptable in nursing practice to help obese patients manage health issues that come with obesity. Another competence is policy development that advocates for patient education in cases, risk factors, and strategies for managing obesity. Perhaps collaboration and effective communication are also vital among caregivers to facilitate delivering quality, safe, and cost-effective care services for obese patients (Raffoul & Hammond, 2018).
Karacabeyli, D., Allender, S., Pinkney, S., & Amed, S. (2018). Evaluation of complex community-based childhood obesity prevention interventions. Obesity Reviews, 19(8), 1080-1092.
LibGuides at University of North Florida. (2020). LibGuides: Nutrition and dietetics: PICO(T).
Raffoul, A., & Hammond, D. (2018). Correlates of weight-loss methods among young adults in Canada. Obesity, 26(8), 1357-1364.
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