Running Head: Featherfall Medical Center Review: Featherfall Medical Center Bianca Bernard Southern New Hampshire University Abstract Featherfall Clinic experienced many difficulties and challenges regarding legal action. Featherfall Clinic had issues in regards to updating its systems which placed the company into a downfall; meanwhile, other companies were moving on with adapting to the change. Due to lack of adaptation, Featherfall Clinic is now reaping the consequences of declining the use of advanced technology, and to save itself, changes have to be made. Milestone One Introduction Healthcare information technology (HIT) refers to the process of applying information processing encompassing both hardware and software computer aspects in dealing with storage, retrieval, dissemination and utilization of healthcare information in communication and health care administration. What is the historical background of the health information technology systems? The advent of health Information technology dates back to the 1960s in which technology was primarily employed to form the backbone of the billing and financial services (Collen & Ball, 2015). Subsequently, information technology has permeated a wide variety of health care services to include use in the management of pharmacies, laboratories, and radiology services. The utilization of computers in medical decision making was quite extensive in the 1980s. Subsequently, the linkage of systems materialized in 1989 as a result of cooperation among multiple disciplines related to the health sector. The increased collaboration further resulted in the development of integrated systems which leveraged on the database technology and the immense capability of networks. In the 1960s, Morris Collen, a physician under Kaiser Permanente’s Division of Research, established computer systems for the automation of health checkup processes. The system founded by Morris founded the bases for the more extensive medical databases created by Kaiser Permanente between the periods of the 1970s and 1980s (Staggers, Thompson & Snyder‐Halpern, 2001). In respect to advancements in the field of health informatics, The American College of Medical Informatics (ACMI) bestows the medals in recognition of individuals who have immensely contributed to developments in the areas of health information technology. The 1970s witnessed an increasing number of electronic medical record systems being commercially presented to the public. In 1977, Dr. Bleich developed the pioneer user-friendly search engines for biomedical literature. HIMSS, Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society postulates that the introductory standards on reporting of healthcare reporting were convened by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). The standards incorporated procedures for conducting laboratory information dissemination, characteristics of electronic health record systems, information specifics, and health information system safety. What is the current landscape of health information technology? Technology in the health sector has had exponential growth over the years to assume a pivotal role in the management of health information. The current technology landscape in the health care sector is characterized by critical functions such as Electronic Medical Record, Electronic Physician’s Order entry, E-prescribing, and Patient Data Management Systems (PDMS). Moreover, the developments in health information technology have made the management of large amounts of data a reality (Murdoch & Detsky, 2013). Health information technology is predominantly characterized by the use of the Electronic Medical Record, which refers to the official health record, which is disseminated among various health care providers and agencies. Moreover, patient data management systems include the personal health record, which refers to an individual’s self-maintained health record and health information exchange, which primarily facilitates the sharing of health data between consenting health care organizations. Apart from EMR, Picture archiving and communication systems and vendor-neutral archives present further important technology in the management of health care information in the current health care information landscape. Health care informatics undoubtedly portends a myriad of benefits to the entire health care sector. The current modern era is punctuated by extensive digitization, and as thus, the diffusion of information technologies in the administration is a testament to the unlimited opportunities presented by technology (Buntin et al., 2011). Pivotal to health administration, the developments in healthcare informatics has enabled the employment of data analytics and big-data to efficiently manage population health management programs meant to lessen incidences of chronic health disorders. Moreover, health informatics through cognitive computing and analytics enables the performance of precision medicine customized for each patient. The importance of health information technology cannot be understated. Computerized systems have been utilized in patient care and interventions in numerous ways. Firstly, the improvement of electronic health care records has bolstered the capacity of health care administrators to disseminate information to multiple healthcare stakeholders. The effect of such improvements has been witnessed in the support that health care information technology has impacted on various modalities in the sector. The use of technology in the management of health care information is a wide range and includes diagnosis processes, documentation of patient information, scheduling of appointments and in the billing processes for the efficient management of financial administration in the healthcare sector. Furthermore, health informatics has made it possible for academic researchers to disseminate health data and information in the development of innovative therapies and drugs. As a result, medical technologies have diffused globally more rapidly compared to the earlier years in which the fields of health care information technology was still embedded in its nascent phases with medical researchers limited to manual records which were costly and time-consuming. Significantly, health informatics also encompasses the rights of patients to acquire and utilize data on their health and foster care cooperation with clinicians. The proper management of health care information by health care administrators portends privacy implications on this front. The administrators have the duty of protecting the privacy and health care information of patients by ensuring that privacy regulations and health information management as spelled out by HIPAA privacy rule. The rules expressly establish the standard or disclosure of a patient’s health information. References Bawden, D., & Robinson, L. (2009). The dark side of information: overload, anxiety, and other paradoxes and pathologies. Journal of information science, 35(2), 180-191. Bowman, S. (2013). Impact of electronic health record systems on information integrity: quality and safety implications. Perspectives in health information management, 10(Fall). Buntin, M. B., Burke, M. F., Hoaglin, M. C., & Blumenthal, D. (2011). The benefits of health information technology: a review of the recent literature shows predominantly positive results. Health Affairs, 30(3), 464-471. Collen, M. F., & Ball, M. J. (Eds.). (2015). The history of medical informatics in the United States. Springer. Cresswell, K., & Sheikh, A. (2013). Organizational issues in the implementation and adoption of health information technology innovations: an interpretative review. International journal of medical informatics, 82(5), e73-e86. Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act (HITECH), (part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, Public Law 111-5)
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