ObjectivesAfter completing this lab activity, the students should be able to:Draw multiple interacting water molecules and identify the atoms and bonds.Explain how the molecular structure of the water contributes to the unique properties of water.Demonstrate an understanding of how much water is available on Earth and how it is distributed.Name the major water reservoirs in the water cycle and explain their roles.Explain how human modifications of natural water systems can be both beneficial and destructive.Explain the components of groundwater.This lab activity includes two parts. You must complete both parts.Part 1Provide short answers to the following questions:Draw the structure of a water molecule and explain the bonding and how the types of bonding contribute to the unique properties of water.Explain the amount of water available on Earth and how its distributed.Name major water reservoirs in the water cycle and explain their roles.Explain how human modifications of natural water systems can be both beneficial and destructive.Describe the components of groundwater.Part 2Provide a lab report by conducting the following experiment/research activity.Lab ReportThe lab report must include the following:TitleIntroductionExperimental Details or Theoretical AnalysisResultsDiscussionConclusions and SummaryReferencesPlease visit the following website to learn more about lab reports:ASC Format for Laboratory reportsAn example of a lab report is given on the following website:Professor K SamplesExperiment/Research ActivityThe first step is to visit the following webpage:https://ift.tt/sKO5XPk you have reached this webpage, register with a username and password. This is a free registration.After you have registered, log in and copy and paste the following link into your browser:https://ift.tt/aFOG2NM (Links to an external site.)The purpose of this page and subsequent pages within this lab is to provide you with the resources to complete this lab activity.* First read the theory page. For this experiment, you will select one of the following three tests:Hardness Level DeterminationAlkalinity Level DeterminationChemical Oxygen Level DeterminationOnce you select one of the tests, you will only have to concentrate on the theory relevant to that test.* After reading the theory page, click on procedure. This page explains how to conduct the laboratory experiment online. This page also provides you with some guidance on important points to remember, if you conduct this experiment in actual settings in a lab. You only need to read the theory relevant to the test you have selected.* You may skip self evaluation.* Now click on the simulation. The simulation to work, you need to register with your email address and a password, in the event you did not register previously.* Now follow the procedure relevant to your selected test. You must carry out the same test for two types of water out of the three given – Well water, Tap water, Sea water. After you open the simulation page, you can click on the menu on the top left side and the simulation details will open up. You can now select the type of water you need to test first. This is also known as the selection of the titrant. Now follow the procedure for your test. After you finish the experiment, repeat the same for the second type of water you selected. Remember to record all data during both experiments. These are your results.* Now simply plug in your values to the equations given under the procedure. This is your analysis of the experiment. You will now have two values for the two types of water.* Under the discussion, provide reasons for different values. You can provide the information you learnt under the theory.* Now summarize your work in the conclusion section.N.B. You will have to conduct these experiments in the field as an environmental scientist. Whilst it is important to know the chemistry behind these reactions, to conduct this experiment, you do not need an in depth knowledge.If you want to learn more about the theory behind these tests and to understand relevant chemistry principles, you may visit the following sites:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7rjDhyWtKgQ (Links to an external site.)https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LU6Mwmi49eo (Links to an external site.)https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HJvALCcKYAc (Links to an external site.)Once you complete the lab report, please submit the work with your answers to the part 1 of this lab to the Canvas dropbox.If you are conducting an actual lab, you need to be aware of Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) relevant to the chemicals you use in this experiment. You can get this information through a variety of websites found on the web. Here is a website to get you started (this is for your information only):https://ift.tt/a1Rk7KD remember to check the rubric before completing the lab report.This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeData CollectionAll data tables are complete, and all data is realistic based on lab procedures.50 ptsExemplaryAll data tables are complete, and all data is realistic based on lab procedures.35 ptsProficientA few data entries are missing or not realistic based on lab procedures.25 ptsBasicSignificant portions of data entries are missing or unrealistic based on lab procedures.0 ptsNo SubmissionData is either not present or not realistic based on lab procedures.50 ptsThis criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeLab DocumentationAll questions in lab assignment are answered thoughtfully and correctly.50 ptsExemplaryAll questions in lab assignment are answered thoughtfully and correctly.35 ptsProficientAll questions in lab assignment are answered, but include a few minor errors.25 ptsBasicSome answers are missing, or answers show a pattern of significant errors.0 ptsNo SubmissionQuestions in lab assignment are not answered.50 pts

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