Sultan Qaboos University Collage of Science Department of Earth Sciences Remote Sensing Course (ERSC3061) The Application of Remote Sensing in Mineral Exploration Ibrahim Al Jabri (ID: 120991) Abdullah Al Maashari (ID: 119315) ❖ Introduction: Remote sensing is obtaining information about areas or objects without direct contact. The main elements of remote sensing are the sensor, the sensing, and the signal. There are many types of sensors such as satellite, airborne, and some types can be on the ground like mounted on a tripod. The data that took by remote sensing are very helpful for the scientists and countries. Remote sensing is very important in numerous aspects because it is faster and cheaper than other methods. This technology used for studying the environments, oceans, natural phenomena, and for mineral exploration. Figure 1: this image shows the various methods of remote sensing (H. S. Lim et al., 2009). We choose this subject because of the big effect of remote sensing on the mineral industry. In this report, we will discuss the relationship between remote sensing and mineral exploration, how we can improve mineral exploration by remote sensing, the advantages of remote sensing in the mining industry, and finally, examples of using remote sensing for mineral exploration in Oman. ❖ Methods: In this report, we investigate the influence of remote sensing methods on mineral exploration and mining industry based on the data obtained from scientific papers, articles, and satellite images. We concluded that there is an evolution in mineral exploration due to the support from remote sensing technology, which increased mining. ❖ Discussions and Result: The connection between remote sensing and mineral exploration: There is a rich history between remote sensing and mineral exploration. Airborne and ground-based are the two main remote sensing types used for exploration. The sensors send or reflect various kinds of waves to studying the surface and subsurface, which provide information about geology and mineralogy of specific areas (Corine et al., 2018). the strategy of remote sensing to differentiate between the heterogeneous minerals is by characteristic absorption countenance in the spectrum of the minerals. Remote sensing also gives feedback about mineral concentration in the studied area, which can be very helpful for the mining companies. The famous satellites that provide geological mapping are ASTER, Hyperion, Landsat (Corine et al., 2018). Figure 2: this picture shows the classification of minerals according to their color (Cudahy, and Thomas 2016). The advantages of remote sensing in the mining industry: The mining industry considered as one of the lucrative business in the world, some countries economy is linked to mining. From 1960 to 2010, remote sensing technology has been evolved to become more effective and efficient (R.Baumann 2009). There are a lot of advantages of remote sensing in the mining industry such as high temporal frequency, and covering sizable lands more and faster than other methods, this feature can reduce costs and save time (k. Koruyan et al., 2012). Also, the satellite can provide 2D and 3D images with various depths.

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Sultan Qaboos University Collage of Science Department of Earth Sciences Remote Sensing Course (ERSC3061) The Application of Remote Sensing in Mineral Exploration Ibrahim Al Jabri (ID: 120991) Abdullah Al Maashari (ID: 119315) ❖ Introduction: Remote sensing is obtaining information about areas or objects without direct contact. The main elements of remote sensing are the sensor, the sensing, and the signal. There are many types of sensors such as satellite, airborne, and some types can be on the ground like mounted on a tripod. The data that took by remote sensing are very helpful for the scientists and countries. Remote sensing is very important in numerous aspects because it is faster and cheaper than other methods. This technology used for studying the environments, oceans, natural phenomena, and for mineral exploration. Figure 1: this image shows the various methods of remote sensing (H. S. Lim et al., 2009). We choose this subject because of the big effect of remote sensing on the mineral industry. In this report, we will discuss the relationship between remote sensing and mineral exploration, how we can improve mineral exploration by remote sensing, the advantages of remote sensing in the mining industry, and finally, examples of using remote sensing for mineral exploration in Oman. ❖ Methods: In this report, we investigate the influence of remote sensing methods on mineral exploration and mining industry based on the data obtained from scientific papers, articles, and satellite images. We concluded that there is an evolution in mineral exploration due to the support from remote sensing technology, which increased mining. ❖ Discussions and Result: The connection between remote sensing and mineral exploration: There is a rich history between remote sensing and mineral exploration. Airborne and ground-based are the two main remote sensing types used for exploration. The sensors send or reflect various kinds of waves to studying the surface and subsurface, which provide information about geology and mineralogy of specific areas (Corine et al., 2018). the strategy of remote sensing to differentiate between the heterogeneous minerals is by characteristic absorption countenance in the spectrum of the minerals. Remote sensing also gives feedback about mineral concentration in the studied area, which can be very helpful for the mining companies. The famous satellites that provide geological mapping are ASTER, Hyperion, Landsat (Corine et al., 2018). Figure 2: this picture shows the classification of minerals according to their color (Cudahy, and Thomas 2016). The advantages of remote sensing in the mining industry: The mining industry considered as one of the lucrative business in the world, some countries economy is linked to mining. From 1960 to 2010, remote sensing technology has been evolved to become more effective and efficient (R.Baumann 2009). There are a lot of advantages of remote sensing in the mining industry such as high temporal frequency, and covering sizable lands more and faster than other methods, this feature can reduce costs and save time (k. Koruyan et al., 2012). Also, the satellite can provide 2D and 3D images with various depths.

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