Running Head: HEALTH CARE INFORMATION SYSTEM Health Care Information System 1 HEALTH CARE INFORMATION SYSTEM 2 Systems Diagram A diagram of a health care information system Health Information System Patient Care Information System Clinical Information System Patient Management System Managerial Information System Clinical Decision Support System, Managerial Database Management Patient Database Management Electronic Health Record Standard Components of Healthcare Information Systems The standard components of information system structure in current organization are the materials used to generate data flows. These core components include the tools used for data acquisition and the design of the user interfaces. Other standards are those that define the clinical event monitors and data repositories. Also, healthcare data standards, data mining techniques, as well as digital sources of evidence and knowledge, serve as standard components (Wager et al., 2017). The Healthcare Information System (HIS) must be integrated with clinical information systems and communication technologies to give it the capabilities of dissemination of health information, managing results, and orders. It must also be capable of facilitating decision support, patient support, and accurate reporting (Wager et al., 2017). Other components are health information system resources, indicators for system outcomes, status, inputs, and outputs. Data sources and management capabilities such as collection, storage, compilation, flow, HEALTH CARE INFORMATION SYSTEM 3 processing, quality assurance, and analysis of data must also be present. Information products and dissemination must also be made available. Advantages The opportunities available when a healthcare organization implements healthcare information systems include cost saving and generation of profitability through the safety of medical deliveries, cost-effectiveness, and efficiencies. The HIS reduces medical errors, thus increasing the quality of care through the availability of data and information for informed decision-making (Ngafeeson, 2015). The HIS also promotes instant accessibility to updated patient records and information from remote locations. It promotes accurate order entry and thus increases decision support due to the structured data that can be used to conduct predictive modeling and management of diseases. Using the HIS also enables a healthcare organization to undertake data mining from the vast structured medical records, which can be used in disease research and preventive intervention in clinical care (Ngafeeson, 2015). It also promotes continuous improvement in clinical decision making through the provision of accurate data for decision-support rapid data and information dissemination and monitoring of care. Challenges The implementation of the HIS comes with challenges in equal measure. First, the challenges of using the health information system stem from the human, technical, and organizational factors inherent to the adoption and use of the HIS within an organization (Ngafeeson, 2015). The design gap between the view of the HIS designers and that of the enduser illustrates the technical rationality of the system, which requires users always to remain rational when using the system. These technical challenges are caused by a lack of technology standardization and a lack of a well-developed healthcare information exchange (HIE) to facilitate the free sharing of healthcare data (Ho et al., 2019). Other challenges include medical HEALTH CARE INFORMATION SYSTEM and managerial rationality, which is felt through the lack of interoperable health information exchange for quick and safe sharing of information. User errors and poor user interfaces, issues with system access, poor system configuration, and software updates are challenges that have been found to delay care. 4 HEALTH CARE INFORMATION SYSTEM 5 References Ho, S. Y., Guo, X., & Vogel, D. (2019). Opportunities and Challenges in Healthcare Information Systems Research: Caring for Patients with Chronic Conditions. Communications of the Association for Information Systems, 44(1), 39. Ngafeeson, M. N. (2015). Healthcare information systems opportunities and challenges. In Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Third Edition (pp. 3387-3395). IGI Global. Wager, K. A., Lee, F. W., & Glaser, J. P. (2017). Health care information systems: a practical approach for health care management. John Wiley & Sons.

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